I. The distance between God and the creature is so great, that although reasonable creatures do owe obedience unto him as their Creator, yet they could never have any fruition of him, as their blessedness and reward, but by some voluntary condescension on God's part, which he hath been pleased to express by way of covenant.
II. The first covenant made with man was a covenant of works, wherein life was promised to Adam, and in him to his posterity, upon condition of perfect and personal obedience.
III. Man by his fall having made himself incapable of life by that covenant, the Lord was pleased to make a second, commonly called the covenant of grace: wherein he freely offered unto sinners life and salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them faith in him, that they may be saved, and promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto life, his Holy Spirit, to make them willing and able to believe.
IV. This covenant of grace is frequently set forth in the Scripture by the name of a testament, in reference to the death of Jesus Christ, the testator, and to the everlasting inheritance, with all things belonging to it, therein bequeathed.
V. This covenant was differently administered in the time of the law, and in the time of the gospel: under the law it was administered by promises, prophecies, sacrifices, circumcision, the paschal lamb, and other types and ordinances delivered to the people of the Jews, all fore-signifying Christ to come, which were for that time sufficient and efficacious, through the operation of the Spirit, to instruct and build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah, by whom they had full remission of sins, and eternal salvation, and is called the Old Testament.
VI. Under the gospel, when Christ the substance was exhibited, the ordinances in which this covenant is dispensed, are the preaching of the Word, and the administration of the sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper; which, though fewer in number, and administered with more simplicity and less outward glory, yet in them it is held forth in more fullness, evidence, and spiritual efficacy, to all nations, both Jews and Gentiles; and is called the New Testament. There are not, therefore, two covenants of grace differing in substance, but one and the same under various dispensations.
I. It pleased God, in his eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, his only-begotten Son, to be the Mediator between God and men, the prophet, priest, and king; the head and Saviour of the Church, the heir or all things, and judge of the world; unto whom he did, from all eternity, give a people to be his seed, and to be by him in time redeemed, called, justified, sanctified, and glorified.
CHAPTER 1 - Of the Holy Scripture
CHAPTER 2 - Of God, and of the Holy Trinity
CHAPTER 3 - Of God's Eternal Decree
CHAPTER 4 - Of Creation
CHAPTER 5 - Of Providence
CHAPTER 6 - Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment thereof
CHAPTER 7- Of God's Covenant with Man
CHAPTER 8 - Of Christ the Mediator
CHAPTER 9 - Of Free Will
CHAPTER 10 - Of Effectual Calling
CHAPTER 11 - Of Justification
CHAPTER 12 - Of Adoption
CHAPTER 13 - Of Sanctification
CHAPTER 14 - Of Saving Faith
CHAPTER 15 - Of Repentance Unto Life
CHAPTER 16 - Of Good Works
CHAPTER 17 - Of The Perseverance of the Saints
CHAPTER 18 - Of the Assurance of Grace and Salvation
CHAPTER 19 - Of the Law of God
CHAPTER 20 - Of Christian Liberty, and Liberty of Conscience
CHAPTER 21 - Of Religious Worship and the Sabbath-day
CHAPTER 22 - Of Lawful Oaths and Vows
CHAPTER 23 - Of the Civil Magistrate
CHAPTER 24 - Of Marriage and Divorce
CHAPTER 25 - Of the Church
CHAPTER 26 - Of the Communion of the Saints
CHAPTER 27 - Of the Sacraments
CHAPTER 28 - Of Baptism
CHAPTER 29 - Of the Lord's Supper
CHAPTER 30 - Of Church Censures
CHAPTER 31 - Of Synods and Councils
CHAPTER 32 - Of the State of Man After Death, and of the Resurrection of the Dead
CHAPTER 33 - Of the Last Judgment